Taking gratification, in order, by corrupt or illegal means, to influence public servant
Updated: Aug, 13 2017
Section 8 - Taking gratification, in order, by corrupt or illegal means, to influence public servant.-
Whoever accepts or obtains, or agrees to accept, or attempts to obtain, from any person, for himself or for any other person, any gratification whatever as a motive or reward for inducing, by corrupt or illegal means, any public servant, whether named or otherwise, to do or to forbear to do any official act, or in the exercise of the official functions of such public servant to show favour or disfavour to any person, or to render or attempt to render any service or disservice to any person with the Central Government or any State Government or Parliament or the Legislature of any State or with any local authority, corporation or Government company referred to in clause (c) of section 2, or with any public servant, whether named or otherwise, shall be punishable with imprisonment for a term which shall be not less than six months but which may extend to five years and shall also be liable to fine.
8. लोक सेवक पर भ्रष्ट या विधि विरुद्ध साधनो द्वारा असर डालने के लिए परितोषण लेना -
जो कोई अपने लिए या किसी अन्य के लिए किसी प्रकार का कोई परितोषण किसी लोक सेवक को चाहे नामित हो या अन्यथा, को भ्रष्ट या अवैध साधनों द्वारा ऐसी बात के लिए उत्प्रेरित करने के लिए हेतु या ईनाम के रूप में किसी व्यक्ति से प्रतिग्रहीत या अभिप्राप्त करेगा या करने के लिए सहमत होगा या करने का प्रयत्न करेगा कि वह लोकसेवक अपना कोई पदीय कार्य करे या करने से प्रतिविरत रहे या किसी व्यक्ति का अपने पदीय कृत्यों के प्रयोग में कोई अनुग्रह करे या दिखाए अथवा केन्द्रीय सरकार या राज्य सरकार, संसद या राज्य विधान मंडल या किसी स्थानीय प्राधिकारी, निगम या धारा 2 के खंड (ग) में वर्णित शासकीय कम्पनी अथवा किसी लोक सेवक से चाहे नामित हो या अन्यथा ऐसे कारावास से जिसकी अवधि 1[सात वर्ष] तक की हो सकेगी किन्तु जो 1[तीन वर्ष] से कम नहीं होगी दंडित किया जाएगा और जुर्माने से भी दंडनीय होगा।
COMMENTARY AND CASE LAWS
- Merely giving help will not make the abetment of offence if the person who gave the help did not know that an offence was being committed or contemplated [Smt. Shobha Jain Vs. State of Madhya Pradesh: MPHC:Aug 08, 2017] - High Court of M.P. held that " It is not in dispute that merely giving help will not make the abetment of offence if the person who gave the help did not know that an offence was being committed or contemplated. The intention should be to help an offence or to facilitate the commission of crime. There is prima facie evidence on record for offence under Section 120-B of IPC of the meeting of minds for acceptance of money between Mahavir Prasad/husband and his wife/petitioner".
- Wife accepts the bribe money, liable for trial under Section 8 and 12 [Smt. Shobha Jain Vs. State of Madhya Pradesh: MPHC:Aug 08, 2017] - High Court of M.P. held that " In the present case, the petitioner is, prior to or at the time of commission of act apparently support her husband the prime accused in order to facilitate the commission of crime of taking bribe. Hence, she abets her husband for the commission of offence under Section 107 of IPC.As the wife of the accused Mahavir Prasad Jain it is presumed that she knows what is bribe and what is legal remuneration. It cannot be presumed that wife who merely acts as a channel between the bribe giver and the receiver public servant (husband) without any gain of herself. She accepted the bribe through her husband. Therefore, she is also liable for trial under Section 8 and 12 of the “Act 1988".